David And Bathsheba
David & Bathsheba
David, husband of several wives and father of several potential heirs, ultimately chose Solomon, son of Bathsheba.
With his army fighting Ammon and Rabbah under his army commander Joab, David stayed in Jerusalem.
Fatefully, I Samuel 11:2 One evening David got up from his bed and walked around on the roof of the palace. From the roof he saw a woman bathing. The woman was very beautiful, 3 and David sent someone to find out about her. The man said, “She is Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam and the wife of Uriah the Hittite.”
Though written somewhat disjointedly, the bathing David had witnessed was her ritual immersion, as required for the post-menstrual woman. This is somewhat disjointed because we only learn of the significance of her bathing, after the fact.
4 Then David sent messengers to get her. She came to him, and he slept with her. (Now she was purifying herself from her monthly uncleanness.) Then she went back home. 5 The woman conceived and sent word to David, saying, “I am pregnant.”
This would be scandalous because her husband was not in Jerusalem, and had been absent long enough as to make it impossible to be his. To protect, her, and his own reputation, David sought to bring Uriah back from the Wars quickly so he would sleep with his wife and her pregnancy would be “normal”.
6 So David sent this word to Joab: “Send me Uriah the Hittite.” And Joab sent him to David. To create the impression that the King had sent for Uriah he asked him for knowledge of the General’s conduct and the progress of the war. 7 When Uriah came to him, David asked him how Joab was, how the soldiers were and how the war was going. 8 Then David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house and wash your feet.” How much more clear must David be? Go down to your wife and wash your feet, and “know” her. Uriah, apparently a man unappreciative of the beauty of his wife, valued the symbols of piety more. So Uriah left the palace, and a gift from the king was sent after him. 9 But Uriah slept at the entrance to the palace with all his master’s servants and did not go down to his house. David sent him home, his King had told him to go home. David had even sent a gift after him: a nice amphora of wine? When found the next morning in the King’s Hall sleeping in the midst of David’s retainers Uriah, his pious reason was “The ark and Israel and Judah are staying in tents, and my commander Joab and my lord’s men are camped in the open country. How could I go to my house to eat and drink and make love to my wife? As surely as you live, I will not do such a thing!” He honored the Nation, and undervalued his wife, and ignored his King’s instruction. David, is a type of Yeshua. Uriah, is invited by the bridegroom to go to his bride in joy, but rejects this in favor of sanctimonious formalism.
The next night David summoned Uriah to eat and drink with him. This is a great honor. Loaded on wine, he nevertheless confounded David by once more choosing sanctimoniousness over joy. And again David found he had slept in the Hall, and not with his beautiful wife. Luke 13:26 “Then you will say, ‘We ate and drank with you, and you taught in our streets.’ But he will reply, ‘I don’t know you or where you come from. Away from me, all you evildoers’. This also remind me of Matthew 9:14 Then John’s disciples came and asked him, “How is it that we and the Pharisees fast often, but your disciples do not fast?”
15 Jesus answered, “How can the guests of the bridegroom mourn while he is with them? The time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them; then they will fast.
Was not a night with his beautiful wife, Bathsheba, not unlike the consummation of the Marriage of The Lamb and His People? 1 “At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2 Five of them were foolish and five were wise. 3 The foolish ones took their lamps but did not take any oil with them. 4 The wise ones, however, took oil in jars along with their lamps. 5 The bridegroom was a long time in coming, and they all became drowsy and fell asleep.
6 “At midnight the cry rang out: ‘Here’s the bridegroom! Come out to meet him!’
7 “Then all the virgins woke up and trimmed their lamps. 8 The foolish ones said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil; our lamps are going out.’
9 “‘No,’ they replied, ‘there may not be enough for both us and you. Instead, go to those who sell oil and buy some for yourselves.’
10 “But while they were on their way to buy the oil, the bridegroom arrived. The virgins who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet. And the door was shut.
11 “Later the others also came. ‘Lord, Lord,’ they said, ‘open the door for us!’
12 “But he replied, ‘Truly I tell you, I don’t know you.’
13 “Therefore keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour.
Uriah was brought home from the wars, he was sent home and had a gift sent ahead of him, doubtless a jug of wine. He chose to sleep on a mat on the floor of the King’s hall. He was honored by dining and partying with David, and sent home to his wife; and again chose the image of virtue rather than the JOY on offer. 44 “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field. When a man found it, he hid it again, and then in his joy went and sold all he had and bought that field.
45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant looking for fine pearls. 46 When he found one of great value, he went away and sold everything he had and bought it. Uriah did not value his fine pearl. He treated it as would a swine. Matthew 7:6 “Do not give dogs what is sacred; do not throw your pearls to pigs. If you do, they may trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.
David had blessed Uriah with two opportunities to make love to Bathsheba. David had valued this over much else! Just as David had asked Saul when he was offered one of his daughter’s “Is being son-in-law of the King of Israel a small thing in your eyes?” David is in a sense asking Uriah if the love of Bathsheba is “a small thing”.
II Sam. 11:14 In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah. 15 In it he wrote, “Put Uriah out in front where the fighting is fiercest. Then withdraw from him so he will be struck down and die.”
Uriah had overvalued the trappings of military honor, and undervalued the reality of love. It was not as if he were forced to choose between fighting with his men, or being with Bathsheba. In that case, his duty would have required his self-sacrifice and not the enjoyment of his wife. But in this case, it was only the image of duty that he elevated. And despite his thick-headedness regarding “duty” he disobeyed the instruction of his King, to go and be with his wife! He was a Pharisaical type. He was blinded by a sanctimonious nature that presumed that obedience must mean self-denial and the appearance of righteousness.
WHO was Bathsheba?
The straight forward answer is given in the text, she is the daughter of Eliam “God’s People”) El-am, one of David’s mighty warriors. His name may also be Ammiel (meaning: People Of God: Am’ El). So, Bat, or Bath is daughter. She is the DAUGHTER OF GOD’S PEOPLE! We are used to the prophetic term “Son of Man” or “Son of Adam” and “Son Of David” and “Son of God”. But I have never considered the lack of the female equivalent. Notably the “Sons” are of an Individual. But, this daughter is Daughter of The People, The Nation, and Israel!
Her name is very reminiscent of Judah’s wife; Genesis 38:2. “2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was Shua; and he took her, and went in unto her.” She therefore is the daughter of Shua. BatShua; or Bathshua. No not spelled identically but close. Judah’s wife Bat Shua bore Er, Onan and Shelah. Judah arranged for Tamar to marry Er. He died before impregnating her. Onan took her in levirate marriage but refused to lend his seed to his brother’s progeny. His spilling of his seed was wicked in God’s eyes and he died. Judah promised Tamar that his third son when old enough would be hers. However he reneges. Tamar tricks him into “knowing” her and Judah is the Redeemer for his own sons! One of them, will be the on the lineage to David.
Bathsheba’s first issue, the child conceived by David while Uriah was alive, died as an infant. But then she bore to David his heir Solomon!
Solomon the builder of The Temple is a type for The Risen Messiah of the Book Of Revelation.
Uriah rejected the capstone that David took for himself and with it created the Messianic Kingdom. Uriah then is as the Jewish ruling class that rejected Yeshua. They were too interested in performing pointless symbolic acts, as Uriah was fixated on acting the soldier even when home on leave and given the King’s explicit permission to go home! And as did the population of Jerusalem were slaughtered by the Romans, Uriah, was slaughtered before the walls of a city. David, like Yeshua will cast off those who will continue to reject Him when he comes in Glory. As David cast off Uriah, be gone! “Didn’t I drink with you?” I don’t know you!
The fruit of Bathsheba and David, Solomon, builder of the Temple is a type of Messiah reigning.